McKinney-Vento Homeless Education
About the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 1986 is a federal law that provides money for homeless shelter programs. "Homeless" children are also entitled to the protections of the McKinney-Vento Act.
The McKinney-Vento Act defines homeless children as "individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence." The act provides examples of children who would fall under this definition:
- Children sharing housing due to economic hardship, loss of housing or similar reason;
- Children living in "motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camp grounds due to lack of alternative accommodations"
- Children living in "emergency or transitional shelters"
- Children whose primary nighttime residence is not ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation (e.g. park benches, etc)
- Children living in "cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations…"
- Migratory children and youth living in any of the above situations
The McKinney-Vento Act ensures homeless children transportation to and from school free of charge, allowing children to attend their school of origin (last school enrolled or the school they attended when they first become homeless) regardless of what district the family resides in. It requires schools to register homeless children even if they lack normally required documents, such as immunization records or proof of residence.
Washington State's Role
The McKinney-Vento Act is a conditional funding act—the federal government gives grants to states and, in return, the grantee states are bound by the terms of the act. If a state chooses not to accept federal funds for these purposes, it does not have to implement the act.
To implement the McKinney-Vento Act, the state must designate a statewide homeless coordinator to review policies and create procedures, including dispute resolution procedures, to ensure that homeless children are able to attend school.
School Districts' Responsibilities
Local school districts must appoint Liaison contacts to ensure that school staff are aware of these rights, to provide public notice to homeless families (at shelters and at school) and to facilitate access to school and transportation services.
Omak School Districts' Liaison:
Homeless Education Contact for Omak School District is Kammie Hilton. She can be reached at 509-826-7683 or email@example.com.
- Student Housing Questionnaire (English)
- Student Housing Questionnaire (Español)
- McKinney-Vento Information for Parents
- McKinney-Vento Intake Form 2019
- Omak School Board Policy 3115
- Parent/Student Rights - Transition
Community Resources & Agencies
Community Action Council 509-422-4041
Family Empowerment 509-422-5414
Family Health Centers 509-422-5700
Manfisher Ministries 509-826-5699
Okanogan Behavioral Healthcare 509-826-6191
Okanogan Food Bank 509-422-1717
Housing Authority 509-422-3721
Omak Food Bank 509-826-1717
The Support Center 509-826-3221
Okanogan Homeless Liaison Julia O'Connor 509-422-5414
State Homeless Liaison 360-725-6505